Milestones and Brain Injury
When a child sustains a brain injury, whether as the result of an accident or illness, the injury affects the process of development of the brain. Abilities that are just developing are very vulnerable, and therefore, are most likely to be disrupted by brain injury. Because skills developed at one stage form the foundation for later-developing abilities, a brain injury sustained early can impact skills later in life.
It is important to know when a student experienced the brain injury, so that adults
working with the child can better understand the developmental abilities that were most likely to have been impacted. These are the skills needed to be successful in the classroom and might be the reason for lack of success!
Five Peak Maturation Points of Brain Development
1 -6 years of age:
- Overall rapid brain growth
- Children are perfecting their ability to form images, use words, and place things in order
- Begin to develop tactics for solving problems
7 -10 years of age:
- Sensory and motor systems continue to mature up to about 7 ½.
- Executive Skills begin accelerated development
- Children begin to perform simple operational functions, such as determining weight and logical-mathematical reasoning
11 -13 years of age:
- Primarily involves the elaboration of visual spatial and auditory functions
- Children are able to perform formal operations, such as calculations, and perceive new meaning in familiar objects
14 -17 years of age:
- Maturation of the visual-auditory and visual-spatial systems
- These children can review operations, find flaws with them, and create new ones
18 -21 years of age:
- Final stage of brain development, executive skills finally mature!
- Young adults begin to question information they are given, reconsider it, and form new ideas